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Birds

peepsWhile the avocets sweep, the long-billed dowitchers perforate the mud. A flock of more than 200, sectioned into groups of a several dozen, probe incessantly. They methodically cover all the unflooded surfaces—perhaps 15 percent of the open area. Shoulder-high stalks of buckwheat arch over the surrounding peat. The generous number of birds currently here (at least 450) is a reflection of this half-acre pond's “well-stocked larder.” In the weeks to come the buckwheat's long, nodding flower-heads will produce a huge bounty of seeds favored by migrating songbirds and water birds, some of which will spend the winter here.

— From Jerry Busch's essays on the Watsonville Slough System, from our book Watching the Watsonville Wetlands.

Complete Bird Checklist of Our Wetlands

Use the checklist table below or download our new checklist of the birds of the Watsonville Wetlands. The checklist covers Watsonville, Struve, West Struve, Harkins, Gallighan, Hanson Sloughs, adjacent marshlands, and the Pajaro River Estuary. Lands include areas protected by the California Department of Fish and Game, the City of Watsonville, the Santa Cruz Land Trust, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and private land owners.

Season Abbreviations: W = Nov–Feb, Sp = (Feb) Mar–May, Su = June–July, F = (July) Aug–Oct
W
Sp
Su
F
Breeder

Ducks, Geese, and Swans

Tundra Swan, Cygnus columbianus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

  x  Tundra Swan, Cygnus columbianus

Greater White-fronted , Anser albifrons

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Greater White-fronted Goose, Anser albifrons
John Gerrard Keulemans Source

Snow Goose, Chen caerulescens

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Snow Goose, Chen caerulescens

Ross’ Goose, Chen rossii

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Ross’ Goose, Chen rossii
Mike Baird from Morro Bay, USA. Source.

Brant, Branta bernicla

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Brant, Branta bernicla
Thomas Kraft (ThKraft). Source.

Cackling Goose, Branta hutchinsii

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x   x Cackling Goose, Branta hutchinsii
Tim Bowman, USFWS. Source.

Canada Goose, Branta canadensis

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

  x     x     x     x     x   Canada Goose, Branta canadensis

Green-winged Teal, Anas crecca

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

Green-Winged Teal in Flight, Anas crecca, Male
Click for larger image.

© Raymond Lee Photography

 

x x x Green-winged Teal, Anas crecca
Len Blumin. Source. License.

Mallard (Wild Duck), Anas platyrhynchos

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

Mallard in Flight
Click for larger image.

© Raymond Lee Photography
x x x x x Canada Goose, Anas platyrhynchos
Richard Bartz. Source.

Northern Pintail, Anas acuta

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Northern Pintail, Anas acuta
J.M.Garg. Source

Blue-winged Teal, Anas discors

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Blue-winged Teal, Anas discors
Alan D. Wilson. www.naturespicsonline.com. Source.

Cinnamon Teal, Anas cyanoptera

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Cinnamon Teal, Anas cyanoptera

Northern Shoveler, Anas clypeata

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Northern Shoveler, Anas clypeata, Male
Mike Yip, Vancouver Island Birds. Used by Permission. Source.

Northern Shoveler, Anas clypeata, Female
Len Blumin. Source. License.

Gadwall, Anas strepera

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x

Gadwall, Anas strepera
Mdf. Source.
Gadwall, Anas strepera
© Raymond Lee Photography All Rights Reserved. Used by permission. Source.

Eurasian Wigeon, Anas penelope

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Eurasian Wigeon, Anas penelope
Arpingstone. Source.

American Wigeon, Anas americana

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x American Wigeon, Anas americana
Alan D. Wilson. NaturesPicsOnline. Source.

Canvasback, Aythya valisineria

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Canvasback, Aythya valisineria
Dick Daniels. Source.

Redhead, Aythya americana

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Redhead, Aythya americana
Ltshears. Source.

Ring-necked Duck, Aythya collaris

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x Ring-necked Duck, Aythya collaris
Mdf. Source.

Greater Scaup, Aythya marila

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x Greater Scaup, Aythya marila
Dick Daniels. Source.

Lesser Scaup, Aythya affinis

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x Lesser Scaup, Aythya affinis
BS Thurner Hof. Source.

Surf Scoter, Melanitta perspicillata

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

Surf Scoter, Melanitta perspicillata
Click for larger image.

© Raymond Lee Photography

x x x x Surf Scoter, Melanitta perspicillata
Len Blumin. Source. License.

Common Goldeneye, Bucephala clangula

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Common Goldeneye, Bucephala clangula
Maga-chan. Source.

Bufflehead, Bucephala albeola

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Bufflehead, Bucephala albeola
Mdf. Source.

Common Merganser, Mergus merganser

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Common Merganser, Mergus merganser
© Raymond Lee Photography. All rights reserved. Used by permission. Source.

Red-breasted Merganser, Mergus serrator

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Red-breasted Merganser, Mergus serrator
Alan D. Wilson. NaturesPicsOnline. Source.

Hooded Merganser, Lophodytes cucullatus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Hooded Merganser, Lophodytes cucullatus
Len Blumin
. Source. License.

Ruddy Duck, Oxyura jamaicensis

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

Ruddy Duck Female, Oxyura jamaicensis
Click for larger image.

Ruddy Duck Female
© Raymond Lee Photography

 

x x x x x Ruddy Duck, Oxyura jamaicensis
© Raymond Lee Photography. All rights reserved. Used by permission. Source.

Grouse, Quails & Allies
Wild Turkey, Meleagris gallopavo

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Wild Turkey, Meleagris gallopavo
Riki7. Source.

California Quail, Callipepla californica

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x California Quail, Callipepla californica
Loons

Red-throated Loon, Gavia stellata

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Red-throated Loon, Gavia stellata
David Karnå. Wikimedia Commons.
Pacific Loon, Gavia pacifica

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x

Pacific Loon, Gavia pacifica
Francesco Veronesi. Source. License.

Pacific Loon, Gavia pacifica
© Mike Spinak / Naturography. Used by permission. Source.

Common Loon, Gavia immer

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Common Loon, Gavia immer
Grebes

Pied-billed Grebe, Podilymbus podiceps

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Pied-billed Grebe, Podilymbus podiceps
Eared Grebe, Podiceps nigricollis

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Eared Grebe, Podiceps nigricollis
Len Blumin. Source. License.
Western Grebe, Aechmophorus occidentalis

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Western Grebe, Aechmophorus occidentalis

Clark’s Grebe, Aechmophorus clarkii

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Clark's Grebe, Aechmophorus clarkii
Pelicans

American White Pelican, Pelecanus erythrorhynchos

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x American White Pelican, Pelecanus erythrorhynchos
Brown Pelican, Pelecanus occidentalis

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Brown Pelican, Pelecanus occidentalis
Mike Baird. Source.
Cormorants
Brandt’s Cormorant, Phalacrocorax penicillatus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Brandt’s Cormorant, Phalacrocorax penicillatus
Photograph by John C. Avise. Used by permission.

Double-crested Cormorant, Phalacrocorax auritus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

Double-crested Cormorant, Phalacrocorax auritus
Click for larger image.
©John Hickok. Used by permission.
x x x x x Double-crested Cormorant, Phalacrocorax auritus
Pelagic Cormorant, Phalacrocorax pelagicus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Pelagic Cormorant, Phalacrocorax pelagicus
Alan Vernon. Source.
Bitterns, Herons & Egrets

American Bittern, Phalacrocorax auritus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x American Bittern, Phalacrocorax auritus
John James Audubon. Source

Great Blue Heron, Ardea herodias

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x   Great Blue Heron, Ardea herodias
Terry Foote. Source

Great Egret, Ardea alba

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Great Egret, Ardea alba
Snowy Egret, Egretta thula

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Snowy Egret, Egretta thula
Dori, Source.
Cattle Egret, Bubulcus ibis

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x Cattle Egret, Bubulcus ibis
Cburnett. Source.

Green Heron, Butorides virescens

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Green Heron, Butorides virescens
Len Blumin. Source

Black-crowned Night-heron, Nycticorax nycticorax

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Black-crowned Night-heron, Nycticorax nycticorax
Ibis
White-faced Ibis, Plegadis chihi

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x White-faced Ibis, Plegadis chihi
Alan Vernon. Source.
New World Vultures
Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura
© Terry Sohl. All rights reserved. South Dakota Birds and Birding. Source.
Hawks, Kites, & Eagles

Osprey, Pandion haliaetus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Osprey, Pandion haliaetus

White-tailed Kite, Elanus leucurus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x White-tailed Kite, Elanus leucurus
Kevin Cole from Pacific Coast, USA. Source

Northern Harrier, Circus cyaneus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Northern Harrier, Circus cyaneus
George Gentry/U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. Source

Sharp-shinned Hawk, Accipiter striatus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Sharp-shinned Hawk, Accipiter striatus
Dario Sanches from São Paulo, Brazil. Source.
Cooper’s Hawk, Accipiter cooperii

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Cooper’s Hawk, Accipiter cooperii
Mike Yip, Vancouver Island Birds. Used by Permission. Source.
Red-shouldered Hawk, Buteo lineatus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

Red-shouldered Hawk, Buteo lineatus
Click for larger image.
©John Hickok. Used by permission.
x x x x x Red-shouldered Hawk, Buteo lineatus

Red-tailed Hawk, Buteo jamaicensis

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Red-tailed Hawk, Buteo jamaicensis
Derek Ramsey. Source

Golden Eagle, Aquila chrysaetos

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Golden Eagle, Aquila chrysaetos
J. Glover - Atlanta, Georgia. Source.
Falcons

American Kestrel, Falco sparverius

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x American Kestrel, Falco sparverius
Vince Maidens. Source
Merlin, Falco columbarius

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Merlin, Falco columbarius
Raj Boora Source.
Peregrine Falcon, Falco peregrinus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Peregrine Falcon
USFWS. Source.
Rails & Coots

Virginia Rail, Rallus limicola

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Virginia Rail, Rallus limicola
John Gerrard Keulemans. Source.

Sora, Porzana carolina

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Sora, Porzana carolina
Common Moorhen, Gallinula chloropus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

Common Moorhen, Gallinula chloropus
Click for larger image.
©John Hickok. Used by permission
.
x x x x x Common Moorhen, Gallinula chloropus
J.M.Garg. Source.

American Coot, Fulica americana

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x American Coot, Fulica americana
Plovers
Black-bellied Plover, Pluvialis squatarola

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Black-bellied Plover, Pluvialis squatarola
Len Blumin. Source. License.
Pacific Golden-Plover, Pluvialis fulva

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x Pacific Golden-Plover, Pluvialis fulva
Alnus. Source.
Snowy Plover,Charadrius alexandrinus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Snowy Plover, Charadrius nivosus
Semipalmated Plover, Charadrius semipalmatus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Semipalmated Plover, Charadrius semipalmatus
Dick Daniels. Source.

Killdeer, Charadrius vociferus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Killdeer, Charadrius vociferus
Alan D. Wilson. NaturesPicsOnline. Source
Stilts & Avocets
Black-necked Stilt, Himantopus mexicanus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Black-necked Stilt, Himantopus mexicanus
Richard Masoner. Source
American Avocet, Recurvirostra americana

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x American Avocet, Recurvirostra americana
Alan Vernon. Source.
Sandpipers, Phalaropes & Allies

Greater Yellowlegs, Tringa melanoleuca

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Greater Yellowlegs, Tringa melanoleuca
Lesser Yellowlegs, Tringa flavipes

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Lesser Yellowlegs, Tringa flavipes
Dick Daniels. Source.

Willet, Catoptrophorus semipalmatus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Willet, Catoptrophorus semipalmatus

Spotted Sandpiper, Actitis macularia

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Spotted Sandpiper, Actitis macularia
Solitary Sandpiper, Tringa solitaria

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x Solitary Sandpiper, Tringa solitaria
Len Blumin. Source. License.
Whimbrel, Numenius phaeopus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Whimbrel, Numenius phaeopus
Andreas Trepte. Source.

Long-billed Curlew, Numenius americanus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Long-billed Curlew, Numenius americanus

Marbled Godwit, Limosa fedoa

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Marbled Godwit, Limosa fedoa
Black Turnstone, Arenaria melanocephala

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x Black Turnstone, Arenaria melanocephala
Alan Vernon. Source.
Red Knot, Calidris canutus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x Red Knot, Calidris canutus
Gregory Breese U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Source.
Sanderling, Calidris alba

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Sanderling, Calidris alba
4028mdk09. Source.
Semipalmated Sandpiper, Calidris pusilla

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x Semipalmated Sandpiper, Calidris pusilla
Mdf. Source.
Western Sandpiper, Calidris mauri

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x Western Sandpiper, Calidris mauri
Alan D. Wilson. NaturesPicsOnline. Source.
Least Sandpiper, Calidris minutilla

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Least Sandpiper, Calidris minutilla
Photo © 2009 Britta Heise. Source.
Baird’s Sandpiper, Calidris bairdii

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x Baird’s Sandpiper, Calidris bairdii
marlin harms. Source.
Pectoral Sandpiper, Calidris melanotos

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x Pectoral Sandpiper, Calidris melanotos
Andreas Trepte. Source.
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper, Calidris acuminata

 

x Sharp-tailed Sandpiper, Calidris acuminata
Alnus. Source.
Dunlin, Calidris alpina

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x Dunlin, Calidris alpina
FrankDrebin. Source.
Stilt Sandpiper, Calidris himantopus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x Stilt Sandpiper, Calidris himantopu
Dan Pancamo. Source.
Buff-breasted Sandpiper, Tryngites subruficollis

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x Buff-breasted Sandpiper, Tryngites subruficollis
Tim Lenz from Ithaca. Source.
Ruff, Philomachus pugnax

 

x Ruff, Philomachus pugnax
Martin Pettitt from Bury St Edmunds, UK. Source.
Short-billed Dowitcher, Limnodromus griseus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x Short-billed Dowitcher, Limnodromus griseus
Mike Baird/BairdPhotos.com. Source.
Long-billed Dowitcher, Limnodromu scolopaceus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Long-billed Dowitcher, Limnodromu scolopaceus
Basar. Source.
Wilson’s Snipe, Gallinago delicata

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Wilson’s Snipe, Gallinago delicata
Mdf. Source
Wilson’s Phalarope, Phalaropus tricolor x x Wilson’s Phalarope, Phalaropus tricolor
Len Blumin. Source.

Red-necked Phalarope, Phalaropus lobatus

x x Red-necked Phalarope, Phalaropus lobatus

Red Phalarope, Phalaropus fulicarius

x x x Red Phalarope, Phalaropus fulicarius
Gulls & Terns
Franklin’s Gull, Larus pipixcan

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x Franklin’s Gull, Larus pipixcan
© Raymond Lee Photography All Rights Reserved. Used by permission. Source.
Bonaparte’s Gull, Larus philadelphia

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Bonaparte’s Gull, Larus philadelphia
© Raymond Lee Photography. All rights reserved. Used by permission. Source.
Heermann’s Gull, Larus heermanni

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Heermann’s Gull, Larus heermanni
Basar. Source.
Mew Gull, Larus canus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Mew Gull, Larus canus
Donna A. Dewhurst. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Source.
Ring-billed Gull, Larus delawarensis

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Ring-billed Gull, Larus delawarensis
Tim. Source.
California Gull, Larus californicus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x California Gull, Larus californicus
poecile05. Source. License.
Herring Gull, Larus argentatus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Herring Gull, Larus argentatus
Malene Thyssen. Source.
Thayer’s Gull, Larus thayeri

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Thayer’s Gull, Larus thayeri
© Terry Sohl. All rights reserved. South Dakota Birds and Birding. Source.
Western Gull, Larus occidentalis

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Western Gull, Larus occidentalis
Dschwen. Source.
Glaucous-winged Gull, Larus glaucescens

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Glaucous-winged Gull, Larus glaucescens
DickDaniels, carolinabirds.org. Source.
Glaucous Gull, Larus hyperboreus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Glaucous Gull, Larus hyperboreus
Art Sowls, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Servic. Source.
Least Tern, Sterna antillarum

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Least Tern, Sterna antillarum
© Joseph Kennedy. All rights reserved. Used by permission. Source.
Caspian Tern, Sterna caspia

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Caspian Tern, Sterna caspia
Kevin Cole from Pacific Coast, USA. Source.
Elegant Tern, Sterna elegans

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Elegant Tern, Sterna elegans
Regular Daddy. Source.
Common Tern, Sterna hirundo

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x Common Tern, Sterna hirundo
Andreas Trepte. Source.
Forster’s Tern, Sterna forsteri

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Forster’s Tern, Sterna forsteri
Kevin Cole from Pacific Coast, USA, Source.
Pigeons & Doves
Rock Pigeon, Columba livia

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Rock Pigeon, Columba livia
Alan D. Wilson. NaturesPicsOnline. Source.
Band-tailed Pigeon, Columba fasciata

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x Band-tailed Pigeon, Columba fasciata
Gary Kramer. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Source.
White-winged Dove, Zenaida asiatica

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x White-winged Dove, Zenaida asiatica
Dick Daniels. Source.

Mourning Dove, Zenaida macroura

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Mourning Dove, Zenaida macroura

Eurasian Collared-Dove, Streptopelia decaocto

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Eurasian Collared-Dove, Streptopelia decaocto
Barn Owls
Barn Owl, Tyto alba

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Barn Owl, Tyto alba
Owls
Western Screech-Owl, Otus kennicottii

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Western Screech-Owl, Otus kennicottii
Laura Santry. Source

Great Horned Owl, Bubo virginianus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Great Horned Owl, Bubo virginianus
William H. Majoros. Source
Burrowing Owl, Athene cunicularia

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x Burrowing Owl, Athene cunicularia
Reynaldo. Source.
Short-eared Owl, Asio flammeus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x Short-eared Owl, Asio flammeus
Rodolphe. Source.
Swifts
Vaux’s Swift, Chaetura vauxi

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x Vaux’s Swift, Chaetura vauxi
Kat+Sam. Source.
White-throated Swift, Aeronautes saxatalis

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x White-throated Swift, Aeronautes saxatalis
J G Keulemans. Source.
Hummingbirds
Black-chinned Hummingbird, Archilochus alexandri

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x Black-chinned Hummingbird, Archilochus alexandri
Mdf. Source.
Anna’s Hummingbird, Calypte anna

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Anna's Hummingbird, Calypte anna

Rufous Hummingbird, Selasphorus rufus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Rufous Hummingbird, Selasphorus rufus
Mike Yip, Vancouver Island Birds. Used by Permission. Source.

Allen’s Hummingbird, Selasphorus sasin

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Allen’s Hummingbird, Selasphorus sasin
Kingfishers

Belted Kingfisher, Ceryle alcyon

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Female Belted Kingfisher, Ceryle alcyon
Woodpeckers

Acorn Woodpecker, Melanerpes formicivorus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x

Acorn Woodpecker, Melanerpes formicivorus

Alan D. Wilson. NaturesPicsOnline. Source.
Red-breasted Sapsucker, Sphyrapicus ruber

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Red-breasted Sapsucker, Sphyrapicus ruber
Kevin Cole from Pacific Coast, USA. Source.

Nuttall’s Woodpecker, Picoides nuttallii

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x

Downy Woodpecker, Picoides pubescens

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Downy Woodpecker
Hairy Woodpecker, Picoides villosus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x Hairy Woodpecker, Picoides villosus
Mdf. Source.
Northern Flicker, Colaptes auratus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Northern Flicker, Colaptes auratus
Nature's Pic's. Source.
Tyrant Flycatchers
Pacific-slope Flycatcher, Empidonax difficilis

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Pacific-slope Flycatcher, Empidonax difficilis
Berichard. Source.
Willow Flycatcher, Empidonax traillii

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x Willow Flycatcher, Empidonax traillii
Muskrat. Source.
Western Wood-Pewee, Contopus sordidulus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Western Wood-Pewee, Contopus sordidulus
© Paul Kusmin. All rights reserved. Used by permission. Source.

Black Phoebe, Sayornis nigricans

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Black Phoebe, Sayornis nigricans
Say’s Phoebe, Sayornis saya

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x Say’s Phoebe, Sayornis saya
Kevin Cole from Pacific Coast, USA. Source.
Ash-throated Flycatcher, Myiarchus cinerascens

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x Ash-throated Flycatcher, Myiarchus cinerascens
docentjoyce on Flickr. Source.
Tropical Kingbird, Tyrannus melancholicus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x Tropical Kingbird, Tyrannus melancholicus
Mdf. Source.
Western Kingbird, Tyrannus verticalis

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x Western Kingbird, Tyrannus verticalis
Mdf. Source.
Shrikes
Loggerhead Shrike, Lanius ludovicianus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x Loggerhead Shrike, Lanius ludovicianus
Terry Ross. Source.
Vireos

Hutton’s Vireo, Vireo huttoni

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Hutton's Vireo, Vireo huttoni

Warbling Vireo, Vireo gilvus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Warbling Vireo, Vireo gilvus
Jays & Crows
Steller’s Jay, Cyanocitta stelleri

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Steller's Jay, Cyanocitta stelleri
Alan D. Wilson. NaturesPicsOnline. Source
Western Scrub-Jay, Aphelocoma californica

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Western Scrub Jay, Aphelocoma californica
American Crow, Corvus brachyrhynchos

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x American Crow, Corvus brachyrhynchos
Common Raven, Corvus corax

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Common Raven, Corvus corax
David Hofmann. Source.
Larks
Horned Lark, Eremophila alpestris

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Horned Lark, Eremophila alpestris
© 2010 Christopher L. Christie. Used by permission.
Swallows
Tree Swallow, Tachycineta bicolor

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Tree Swallow, Tachycineta bicolor

Violet-green Swallow, Tachycineta thalassina

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Violet-green Swallow
Mike Yip, Vancouver Island Birds. Used by Permission. Source.
Northern Rough-winged Swallow, Stelgidopteryx serripennis

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Northern Rough-winged Swallow, Stelgidopteryx serripennis
Dori. Source.
Bank Swallow (Sand Martin), Riparia riparia

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x Bank Swallow (Sand Martin), Riparia riparia
Johann Friedrich Naumann. Source.
Cliff Swallow, Petrochelidon pyrrhonota

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Cliff Swallow, Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
Dori. Source.

Barn Swallow, Hirundo rustica

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Barn Swallow, Hirundo rustica
JJ Cadiz, Cajay. Source.
Chickadees & Titmice
Oak Titmouse, Baeolophus inornatus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Oak Titmouse, Baeolophus inornatus

Chestnut-backed Chickadee, Poecile rufescens

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Chestnut-backed Chickadee, Poecile rufescens
jsutton8. Source. License.
Bushtits
Bushtit, Psaltriparus minimus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x n x x x Bushtit, Psaltriparus minimus
Vashon-Maury Island Audubon Society. Source.
Nuthatches
Red-breasted Nuthatch, Sitta canadensis

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Red-breasted Nuthatch, Sitta canadensis
Pygmy Nuthatch, Sitta pygmaea

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Pygmy Nuthatch, Sitta pygmaea
Len Blumin. Source.
Creepers

Brown Creeper, Certhia americana

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Brown Creeper, Certhia americana
Wrens
Bewick's Wren, Thryomanes bewickii

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Berwick's Wren, Thryomanes bewickii
Minette Layne. Source.
House Wren, Troglodytes aedon

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x House Wren, Troglodytes aedon
Calibas. Source.
Winter Wren, Troglodytes troglodytes

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Winter Wren, Troglodytes troglodytes
Robert Lorch. Source.

Marsh Wren, Cistothorus palustris

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Marsh Wren, Cistothorus palustris
Kinglets
Golden-crowned Kinglet, Regulus satrapa

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Golden-crowned Kinglet, Regulus satrapa
Dori. Source.
Ruby-crowned Kinglet, Regulus calendula

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Ruby-crowned Kinglet, Regulus calendula
Gnatcatchers
Blue-gray Gnatcatcher, Polioptila caerulea

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Blue-gray Gnatcatcher, Polioptila caerulea
Alan Vernon. Source.
Thrushes
Swainson’s Thrush, Catharus ustulatus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Swainson’s Thrush, Catharus ustulatus
Matt Reinbold. Source.
Hermit Thrush, Catharus guttatus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Hermit Thrush, Catharus guttatus
JanetandPhil. Source. License.
American Robin, Turdus migratorius

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x American Robin, Turdus migratorius
Varied Thrush, Ixoreus naevius

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x Varied Thrush, Ixoreus naevius
Minette Layne. Source.
Babblers

Wrentit, Chamaea fasciata

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Wrentit, Chamaea fasciata
©Paul Carter. All rights reserved. Used by permission. Source.
Mockingbirds & Thrashers

Northern Mockingbird, Mimus polyglottos

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Northern Mockingbird, Mimus polyglottos

California Thrasher, Toxostoma redivivum

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x California Thrasher, Toxostoma redivivum
Kevin Cole from Pacific Coast, USA. Source.
Starlings
European Starling, Sturnus vulgaris

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x European Starling, Sturnus vulgaris
Pipits
American Pipit, Anthus rubescens

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x American Pipit, Anthus rubescens
Mdf. Source.
Waxwings
Cedar Waxwing, Bombycilla cedrorum

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Cedar Waxwing, Bombycilla cedrorum
Ken Thomas. Source.
Wood-Warblers

Orange-crowned Warbler, Vermivora celata

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Orange-crowned Warbler, Vermivora celata
Nashville Warbler, Vermivora ruficapilla

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Nashville Warbler, Vermivora ruficapilla
Louis Agassiz Fuertes. Source.
Yellow Warbler, Dendroica petechia

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Yellow Warbler, Dendroica petechia
dominic sherony. Source.

Yellow-rumped Warbler, Dendroica coronata

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x

Yellow-rumped Warbler, Dendroica coronata

Townsend’s Warbler, Dendroica townsendi

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Townsend’s Warbler, Dendroica townsendi
Alan Vernon. Source.
Hermit Warbler, Dendroica occidentalis

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x
Hermit Warbler, Dendroica occidentalis
http://www.flickr.com/photos/37699157@N00. Source.
Black-throated Gray Warbler, Dendroica nigrescens

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Black-throated Gray Warbler, Dendroica nigrescens
matt knoth. Some rights reserved. Source. License.
Palm Warbler, Dendroica palmarum

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x Palm Warbler, Dendroica palmarum
http://www.birdphotos.com. Source.
American Redstart, Setophaga ruticilla

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x American Redstart, Setophaga ruticilla
Dan Pancamo. Source.

Common Yellowthroat, Geothlypis trichas

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Common Yellowthroat, Geothlypis trichas
Wilson’s Warbler, Wilsonia pusilla

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x Wilson’s Warbler, Wilsonia pusilla
Greg7 on Flickr. Source.
New World Sparrows & Allies
Spotted Towhee, Pipilo maculatus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Spotted Towhee, Pipilo maculatus

California Towhee, Pipilo crissalis

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x California Towhee, Pipilo crissalis
Jim Mullhaupt, Source. license.

Savannah Sparrow, Passerculus sandwichensis

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Savannah Sparrow, Passerculus sandwichensis
Fox Sparrow, Passerella iliaca

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Fox Sparrow, Passerella iliaca

Song Sparrow, Melospiza melodia

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Song Sparrow, Melospiza melodia
Lincoln’s Sparrow, Melospiza lincolnii

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Lincoln’s Sparrow, Melospiza lincolnii
©Jerry Ting. All rights reserved. Source. Used by permission.
Swamp Sparrow, Melospiza georgiana

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x Swamp Sparrow, Melospiza georgiana
John James Audubon. Source.
White-throated Sparrow, Zonotrichia albicollis

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x White-throated Sparrow, Zonotrichia albicollis
John James Audubon. Source.

White-crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia leucophrys

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x White-crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia leucophrys

Golden-crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia atricapilla

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Golden-crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia atricapilla
by mizmak, Alexandra MacKenzie. Source. License.

Dark-eyed Junco, Junco hyemalis

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Dark-eyed Junco, Junco hyemalis
Cardinals, Saltators & Allies

Rose-breasted Grosbeak, Pheucticus ludovicianus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x Rose-breasted Grosbeak, Pheucticus ludovicianus
John Harrison. Source.

Black-headed Grosbeak, Pheucticus melanocephalus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Black-headed Grosbeak, Pheucticus melanocephalus
Steve Ryan. Source.

Lazuli Bunting, Passerina amoena

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x Lazuli Bunting, Passerina amoena
www.naturespicsonline.com. Source.
Blackbirds & Orioles

Bobolink, Dolichonyx oryzivorus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x Bobolink, Dolichonyx oryzivorus
© Terry Sohl. All rights reserved. South Dakota Birds and Birding. Source.

Red-winged Blackbird, Agelaius phoeniceus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

Detail, Red-winged Blackbird
Click for larger image.
©John Hickok. Used by permission.
x x x x x Red-winged Blackbird, Agelaius phoeniceus
Alan D. Wilson. NaturesPicsOnline. Source.

Tri-colored Blackbird, Agelaius tricolor

UC Davis

x x x Tri-colored Blackbird, Agelaius tricolor
Source

Western Meadowlark, Sturnella neglecta

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Western Meadowlark, Sturnella neglecta
© Terry Sohl. All rights reserved. South Dakota Birds and Birding. Source.

Yellow-headed Blackbird, Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x Yellow-headed Blackbird, Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus
© Terry Sohl. All rights reserved. South Dakota Birds and Birding. Source.

Brewer's Blackbird, Euphagus cyanocephalus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Brewer's Blackbird, Euphagus cyanocephalus

Great-tailed Grackle, Quiscalus mexicanus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Great-tailed Grackle, Quiscalus mexicanus

Brown-headed Cowbird, Molothrus ater

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Brown-headed Cowbird (male), Molothrus ater

Hooded Oriole, Icterus cucullatus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Hooded Oriole, Icterus cucullatus
www.naturespicsonline.com. Source.

Bullock’s Oriole, Icterus bullockii

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Bullock’s Oriole, Icterus bullockii
Kevin Cole from Pacific Coast, USA. Source.
Finches

Purple Finch, Carpodacus purpureus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Purple Finch, Carpodacus purpureus

House Finch, Carpodacus mexicanus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x House Finch, Carpodacus mexicanus

Pine Siskin, Spinus pinus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x Pine Siskin, Spinus pinus
©Terry Sohl. All rights reserved. South Dakota Birds and Birding. Source.

Lesser Goldfinch, Spinus psaltria

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x Lesser Goldfinch, Spinus psaltria

American Goldfinch, Spinus tristis

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x American Goldfinch, Spinus tristis
Old World Sparrows

House Sparrow, Passer domesticus

Cornell Lab of Ornithology

x x x x x House Sparrow, Passer domesticus